The name of the most wonderful thing in the world is water. Without water, there would be no life on earth, and even our beautiful world would be completely different. The whole living world and human civilization is dependent on water. Today you are drinking or drinking a glass of water, one day had to eat the same compound of Julius Caesar, Mahatma Gandhi’s Joan of Arc, Rabindranath Tagore, Martin Luther King or Adolf Hitler.
The amazing thing about water is that water is never fully usable, water is renewable or recyclable. In simple words water becomes recyclable. Therefore, water circulates in plants, animals, rivers, seas or upper air layers. The whole atmosphere of the earth is therefore full of steam. The whole world is so waterlogged that the planet can be call a huge ocean full of water. In addition to surface water from oceans, rivers, lakes, and creeks, large amounts of water float in the atmosphere in the form of clouds and fog. In addition, there is a lot of water trapped in the earthen reservoir call water level.
Behind the creation of water
The ‘Big Bang’ was probably at the root of the creation of unique feature-rich water. The “Big Bang” is the explosion that caused the universe approximately 1.3 billion years ago. When the solar system formed about 4.6 billion years ago, a mixture of hydrogen and oxygen merged to form a cloud of hot steam. After that cloud cools, water is formed over time and it rains down on the earth. The ocean creates. In the early stages of biochemical evolution, water originates from an organic substance called ‘primordial life’ or protoplasm. Since water is the source of life, water is the source of life.
Water for life
Life in the Earth’s oceans was create approximately 3.7 billion years ago. Today, although many species live ashore, they need water to survive and thrive. For example, a person can live up to 2 months without food but not more than 2 weeks without water. We need at least 2 liters of water per day to survive. Although a lot of it can be found in our food and drink. For example, three-quarters of eggs contain water or oranges and watermelons contain more than 90 percent water.
We drink only 1% of the water we use for ourselves (about 250 liters per day). The rest takes a variety of tasks, such as bathing, flushing the toilet, cleaning the house, washing clothes, watering the garden, or washing the car. A washing machine easily consumes about 100 liters of water per hour to get rid of detergent from clothes. Be aware that a lot of water is need in the preparation of various products that are apparently not related to water. For example, it takes about 570 liters of water to make a thick Sunday newspaper with supplements.
Most people in developing countries are deprive of 24-hour running water. To them this cost of water is a huge waste. As the world’s population grows, so does the need for water per capita. The pressure on the water source is increasing. Theoretically the question may arise, how does a water-filled planet end up running out of water? The problem is, most of the world’s water is salty and unfit for human consumption. It takes a lot of effort and energy to make it usable fresh water. And so with the increasing pressure on water, some sociologists are speculating that if we don’t pay attention to the problem of water supply shortages, war may break out in the world before the end of the 21st century.
Why water is a universal solvent
Water with unique properties is a very important solvent in the body. In nature, they exist in all three states, solid, liquid and gaseous. The reason for this uniqueness of water is its molecular structure. Water is a pole parallel or covalent compound and its two opposite poles are somewhat positive or positive and negatively charged. That is why the molecular structure of water is not linear. This slight curvature and partial polarity of the water molecule without being linear has made water physiologically important.
In fact, the two hydrogen and one oxygen atoms in the water arrange themselves like a triangle. A large oxygen atom is located at 104.45 degrees, leaving two small hydrogen atoms on either side of the water molecule. The resulting imbalance in the distribution of electrons results in a slightly negative charge on the oxygen atom and a slightly positive charge on the oxygen atom. This causes the positive hydrogen pole to attract the negative oxygen pole of other water. As a result, water molecules become entangled with one another. This is call hydrogen bond. It is because of this hydrogen bond that some unique propertis are seen in water. E.g., high density and high relative heat from exceptional expansion (enamels expansion), surface tension or surface tension.
Water and the human body: Surprise drinking
We all know that water is one of the few elements that make up the balanced diet of animals and humans. Drinking water has many different roles in the human body as one of the regulators of nutrition. So for good health you need to be aware of the specific amount of food as well as the daily intake of water.
The importance of water in the human body is immense because:
- Two-thirds of the human body is dependent on water
- Water regulates the functioning of various anatomical units of the human body
- Whether it is blood cells or neurons, every cell in the body needs water for nutrition
- Water forms the basis of various physiological activities as a ‘universal solvent’
- Water acts as the main representative of de-toxication
- The role of water in the absorption of nutrients is undeniable
- Water facilitates body heat control and metabolism
- Water plays an effective role in lubrication
- In the absence of water as an important engineering, the body cannot carry out and maintain any biological function
- Water plays a key role in saliva and joint fluid and protects against various diseases
- Water is one and unique in the transport of nutrients
- The human body needs 2 to 2.5 liters (approximately 8 large glasses) of water on a regular basis. However, the specific amount of water required may vary due to individual age, weight, height and environmental differences. In addition, the need for water also depends on what kind of work a person does
- Fluid-rich foods should also be taken care of to meet the body’s need for water. So it is necessary to see if 1 liter of water is available from the food. The remaining 1.5 to 2 liters of water should be obtained from drinking water.
- One thing to keep in mind is that even though water is another name for life, excess water can increase toxins in the body and put the kidneys and heart at undue risk.
Men, women and children need water
- Keep in mind all the things that have been said before
- How much water a person is excreting from the body should also be taken into consideration in determining the need for water Physicians, experts and
- nutritionists believe that men excrete more water than women, so if men need 11 to 13 cups, then women need 9 to 10 cups of water.
- Pregnant women and women who are breastfeeding have higher water intake. So they may need 11 to 13 cups of water
- In the same way, young children need extra water to cope with the rapid growth.
Symptoms of water deficiency
- The relationship between water and the physiological function of humans as essential solvents has already been reported
- We also know that water must be consume to prevent wastage
- Waste of water is very normal. And this waste is due to sweat, bowel movements and the overall metabolic function of the body
- Dehydration occurs when this waste of water is greater than water intake
- There are certain symptoms of dehydration, including thirst, hunger and fatigue
- The most important symptom of dehydration is thirst. This symptom is best known for understanding the need for water intake
- The color of urine becomes transparent with adequate water intake. One of the symptoms of dehydration is light yellowing of the urine
- Other symptoms of dehydration include weakness, low urine production, dry mouth, muscle cramps and nausea.
The main benefits of drinking water
Water is one of the elements of human body. In fact, judging by the size of the body, our body is made up of 55 to 6 percent water. Drinking adequate and regular water is one of the tools for good health. Apart from that, water is absolutely calorie free as it does not contain protein, fat and carbohydrates or sugar, and this is the added quality of water.
The amount of water you drink each day plays a significant role in maintaining good health. As I said before, experts think you need to drink 8 to 10 glasses of water every day. In addition, scientists at the American Institute of Medicine think that the amount of drink consumed per day should be 13 cups for men and 9 cups for women. Since almost all the cells in the body need water for proper functioning, it is necessary to drink enough water regularly.
Below are 10 important benefits of water –
A. Eliminates Weakness – If you often feel tired, there is a very good chance that you are not getting enough water. As a result physical activity is not being observ efficiently. In fact, one of the symptoms of dehydration is fatigue. As the amount of water in the body decreases, the volume of blood also decreases, so the heart has to pump more to supply oxygenated blood to the bloodstream. Apart from that, other major organs cannot function properly at this time. So adequate snacking will help keep you free from fatigue by doing physical activity properly.
B. Improves mood swings – Research has shown that mild dehydration (even 1 or 2 percent less than the desired hydration level) also has a negative effect on our mood and thinking ability. A study of 25 women published in the Journal of Nutrition found that dehydration had impaired their mental and intellectual function. As mentioned earlier, urine color is very effective as a symptom of dehydration. The lighter the color, the better the hydration level, or conversely, the better the hydration level, the clearer the color of the urine
C. Relieve headaches and migraines – To relieve headaches or migraines, drink plenty of water first. In many cases, dehydration is the cause of headaches or migraines. A study published in the European Journal of Neurology found that increasing the amount of water consumed reduced the severity and duration of headaches in participants.
D. Helps in digestion and constipation – Water also improves the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract. This improves digestion and relieves constipation. Constipation is a problem in many cases when you drink less water. This is because the colon absorbs water from the stool to maintain hydration. As a result, the stool becomes hard and difficult to move. Adequate water intake helps in metabolism and helps the body to break down food components properly. This facilitates bowel movements as the digestive system can work well. It has been found that it is better to keep the water lukewarm to maintain the health of the digestive system.
E. Lose weight – An experiment has shown that drinking a small amount of water before a meal reduces hunger and helps in weight loss. When one drinks water, the water accumulates in the stomach, and as a result, the tendency to overeat is reduce. Apart from that it increases the rate of fat burning in the body and helps in breaking down fat cells and stimulating the elimination of fat cells. Drinking water instead of high calorie drinks like alcohol, cold drinks or soda keeps the body calorie free. And it does not increase the weight. Alcohol, cold drinks, tea – these accelerate the excretion of water from the body, so they are also call vasodilators.
F. Toxin Elimination – Water is an excellent de-toxifier. This is because it initially removes toxins from the body through sweat and urine. In addition, water increases kidney function and reduces the risk of kidney stones by diluting urinary salts and minerals. Although there is no substitute for adequate water intake, experts recommend drinking extra water, as it may reduce the kidneys’ ability to purify. So the body is asked to drink the requir amount of water. Since there is a difference between the water requirement of one’s body and the water requirement of another’s body, it is better to drink water to quench one’s thirst. In addition, other liquid and watery foods should be included in the daily diet.
G. Body temperature control – If there is enough water in the body, it is convenient to control the temperature. When sweat evaporates from the surface of the skin, the thermal properties of water and its ability to release heat play an important role in maintaining body temperature. A well-regulated body temperature during exercise keeps a person more active. In addition, water protects against cramps and sprains by keeping bone joints and muscles slippery.
H. Maintains skin radiance – Capillary blood flow improves when there is more water in the body. This keeps the skin healthy and maintains the radiance of the skin. Water helps in the maturation of skin tissues and maintains the hydration of the skin. In addition, water increases the elasticity of the skin. With enough water, the skin becomes moisturized, fresh and radiant. In addition, water does not cause wrinkles, wounds, acne, wrinkles and age-related symptoms.
I. Getting rid of hangovers – The easiest and most effective way to get rid of hangovers is to drink water. Alcohol is a diuretic and you need to urinate more often after drinking alcohol. So drinking more water is very useful to get the water out of the body and return to normal quickly. Experts recommend drinking at least 500 ml before going to bed at night after drinking a lot of alcohol.
J. Bad breath is eliminated – One of the best ways to handle this is to get rid of bad breath. Water keeps your mouth hydrated and keeps your mouth clean from food particles and bacteria. In addition, the bacteria in the mouth that make up the foul-smelling compounds in the water also dilutes them.
What is water?
There was a lot of talk about water. It’s all about the out-of-water form and its benefits. Now let’s take a look at the inner city of water. Let’s see what is the reason behind this special one in the water. Remember, two-thirds of the earth’s surface is watery and one of the elements of all life.
What is water? This question can be answer in many ways. When it rains, the water wets the windows, the water quenches our thirst, and 70-75% of the earth’s surface is made up of water. But the question is, what is water? Chemically, water is a liquid made up of molecules. 0.1 gram of water has about 3 x 1021 molecules. Each molecule of water is made up of 2 hydrogen and 1 oxygen atoms, for a total of 3 atoms.
These atoms are arrang in the shape of a triangle to form a molecule of water or H2O. There is a slight imbalance in the molecular structure of water, due to which various objects are attracte to the water and stick to it. That is why almost everything on earth is dissolve in water. Water is therefore the ‘universal solvent’. Even water can melt hard rocks. But it takes a lot of time. It can take years, decades, or even centuries.
The main religion of water
The six main properties of water are – 1) attraction to polar/polar molecules 2) high relative heat 3) high evaporation heat or heat of vaporization 4) low density of ice 5) high polarity and 6) capillary efficiency.
Attraction to polar molecules –
The attraction of water to other water molecules is call cohesion. Other water molecules are attracte due to the polarity of the water. The hydrogen bonds in water can hold other water molecules together. When water molecules bond together, a negative charge is forme between a water molecule with a negatively charge oxygen atom and another water molecule adjacent to a positive hydrogen atom. This weak bond is call hydrogen bond. Hydrogen bonds are very common in organisms. For example, hydrogen bonds are forme at the bottom of DNA to hold the DNA chain.
In addition, hydrogen bonds create two additional properties in water – cohesion and surface tension. Surface tension in liquid water due to the tendency of water connection is a special religion. And in the liquid state, many insects can walk on the water because of this surface tension. In nature, water is usually liquid at moderate temperatures. And the attraction of water to the molecule of another object is call adhesion. Molecules that can form hydrogen bonds with water, water is adhesive to them. Capillary action is seen in water for this adhesive or adhesive of water. For example, because of the adhesiveness of the glass, water can rise to the top of the glass
High Relative Heat –
The number of calories need to increase the temperature of a mass of one gram by one degree Celsius is call the relative heat of that substance. Normal water temperature is medium for high relative heat and heat of vaporization. Since water molecules are bound together by numerous hydrogen bonds, it takes a lot of energy to break the bonds of all these hydrogen bonds. After the bond is broken, each water molecule moves freely and the water temperature rises. In a word, the more free water molecules there are, the more they will collide and the temperature will rise. In fact, hydrogen bonds in water molecules absorb heat, so temperature changes are less. That is why water helps the body and the environment maintain a moderate temperature. Water takes a long time to warm up and can retain heat for a long time.
High Heat of Vaporization –
The heat required for evaporation is the amount of heat that can convert 1 gram of liquid into gas. The reason for the average temperature of the water is the heat of vaporization. As I said before, some more energy is need to break the hydrogen bond in the water. So the heat of vaporization is high. The feeling of cold matches the evaporation of water. It’s a lot like the sweat we get when.
we work hard and the cool feeling we get from it. Sweat cools the surface of our body, and evaporation cools the surface. In a word, water is the only solution in the universe that freezes at zero degrees centigrade and evaporates at 100 degrees centigrade. This huge difference in temperature (0-100 d C) is no longer in solution. So water is the only solvent of all the reactions and processes in the organism.
Low ice density –
The hydrogen bonds of water molecules at low temperatures form ice crystals. As the hydrogen bond is much more stable, it maintains the crystalline structure of ice. Water that hardens is ice that is less dense than water, because the hydrogen bonds themselves take up some space away from each other. Due to this low density the iceberg floats in the water and in the extreme cold the upper part of the lake just freezes.
High polarity –
The polarity of water is much higher. So water attracts other ions and polar molecules. In addition, water is a very strong solvent due to its ability to form hydrogen bonds. The word ‘polarity’ means one end of the molecule is positive or positive and the other end is negative. Due to this polarity, other polar molecules like sugar and ionic compounds like salt are dissolv in water. Ionic compounds dissolve in water to form ions. This phenomenon is extremely important for most biological reactions. Because the reactants must be soluble in water. Substances that do not dissolve in water are said to be soluble in fats, and they are neither polar nor ionic.
Capillary function –
Take a good look at a glass with some amount of water. Its surface is not in a straight line. In fact, the water in contact with the glass is slightly higher than the rest of the water. As a result, the surface of the water is slightly curves. It is call concave surface. The smaller the radius of the glass, the more water will rise. That’s why if you put a thin glass rod in the water, the water can be seen to rise a lot.
This is called a capillary function. It is because of this feature that blood flows through our bloodstream or the water rises from the ground through the trunk of the tree. An example of how huge the matter can be understood from an example. In this capillary function, a large oak tree carries about 380 liters of water per day through the whole body of the tree and reaches the end of the dagger.